Madagascar is the fourth largest island in the world, the capital is Antananarivo, it is also the largest populated city in the island. Madagascar has an estimated population of around 23,000. It is officially called the Republic of Madagascar. French and Malagasy are the official languages spoken on the island. All the plants and animals that are found there are unique to the island with around 90% of them only found in that country. It is located on the coast, Southeast Africa.
The first settlers are said to arrive on the island from Sunoa between 200 BC and 500 AD. Europeans settled on the island from 1500 when a Portuguese captain Diego Das got separated from the fleet on their way to India. It was a favorite place for pirates to visit from 1774 to 1824 as many sailors managed to get themselves shipwrecked along the coast one being Robert Drury who wrote a journal about his life.
The first school was formed by the London Missionary Society in 1819 it is now compulsory to attend school from the ages of 6 to 13.
The French took control of the island in 1895 after launching some campaigns called Franco-Hova wars.
Here are historical facts about madagascar: Madagascar became independent from France in 1960 after the Malagasy Uprising took place several years previously and they got their first president Philibert Tsiranana.
In 2010 the island was classed as being of biodiversity interest by the Conservation International. Many of the plant species on the island of which there are 13,900 are used for making herbal remedies to treat conditions like leukaemia and cancer.